Relationship between Gender Stereotypes, Role, and Traits with Illegal Drug Use in Adolescents of Veracruz, Mexico

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Nicole Guadalupe Vallejo Alviter
Jorge Luis Arellanez Hernández
Jorge García Villanueva
Tania Esmeralda Rocha Sánchez
Delfino Vargas Chanes

Abstract

Introduction: in Mexico, in the last decade, the consumption of psychoactive substances has increased among teenagers, especially the female population (INPRFM et al., 2017). One of the conceptual lines to understand this change is the construction of gender.


Objective: we explored the relationship between gender stereotypes, traits and roles, and the use of illegal psychoactive substances in Mexican adolescents.


Method: cross-sectional, correlational study, with a sample of 145 high school students from the Veracruz state, Mexico. The participants answered the scales: Traits, Roles, and Gender stereotypes, along with some questions to explore drug use.


Results: we found similarities between men and women’s consumption of alcohol and tobacco; however, there was a higher use of illegal drugs in men. Men and women illegal drug users presented negative instrumental traits such as aggressiveness and impulsiveness. Men, both users and non-users, presented a higher score on the gender stereotypes scale, while women users had more negative instrumental roles with their peer group. Negative instrumental traits were predictors of illegal drug use.


Discussion and conclusion: findings suggest further analysis of substance use from a gender perspective.

Keywords:
gender stereotype ,  gender role ,  gender traits ,  drug use ,  adolescents
Published: Oct 3, 2023

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Vallejo Alviter NG, Arellanez Hernández JL, García Villanueva J, Rocha Sánchez TE, Vargas Chanes D. Relationship between Gender Stereotypes, Role, and Traits with Illegal Drug Use in Adolescents of Veracruz, Mexico. RIIAD [Internet]. 2023 Oct. 3 [cited 2024 Jun. 12];9(2):215-23. Available from: http://www.riiad.org/index.php/riiad/article/view/riiad-2023-2-10
Section
Original Articles